Breaking News

Bukalanga is the largest population group in Southern Africa

by Ndzimu-unami Emmanuel Moyo
18 February 2013 | 7953 Views
Over the last few weeks I penned articles in which I demonstrated that the Shona do not comprise over 80% of Zimbabwe's population as is usually claimed in the dominant narrative in Zimbabwe. Published on Bulawayo24.com and Zimeye.com, the article drew some of the 'angriest' comments from the Shona than any of my previous articles ever sparked. But it did not end there, I penned another article in which I propositioned that the Kalanga [incorporating Bakalanga, Banambya, and Vhavenda], make up about 75% percent of the population of Matebeleland. Similarly the article drew some of the most vitriolic attacks against me by some Ndebele, or Kalanga people who claim to be Ndebele.      
 
Some of the people accused me of relying on evidence collected by "Europeans ignorant of Africa customs, identity and history" (despite the fact that some of these same people will consider as gospel truth anything written by the same Europeans that supports their case). In answer to that charge today I want to present more evidence, not from the writings of Europeans (who generally got their history from remembered oral traditions of the past), but from people alive today, many of them Kalanga's in the Diaspora who were thrown all over Southern Africa through the migrations of the Nguni and other groups on their way down south and during the Mfecane Wars.

This evidence is presented in emails that I have received from people in Malawi, Zambia and South Africa, all claiming that though now carrying certain identities, they are originally a people of Bukalanga stock. It is on this basis (in the context of much of what we have said in previous articles) that I claim that indeed, a fair and detailed reading of Southern African history will show that the Kalanga, the builders of Maphungubgwe, Great Zimbabwe, and Kame [three of the four man-made Unesco World Heritage Sites in Southern Africa], are perhaps the largest population grouping in the region, if not only second to the Zulu.  

The first email is from Nkatha Bay in Malawi from a man who is a District Education Officer there. It reads:

I write [to] you from Malawi. I am Mzondi Moyo. I have read your articles on Bukalanga with interest. You are an amazing researcher, the type which would fill professors with envy. From my Totem you see that I am a Moyo. In fact I am Kalanga originally from your area. We were taken by the people under Zwangendawa and we are currently under Inkosi ya Makosi M'mbelwa. Zwangendawa preceded Mzilikazi of [the] Ndebele. To most people [in Malawi] Moyos are Ngoni, just like some people have mistaken you for the Ndebeles. In my country we have a lot of people who call themselves Kalanga, eg Tembo, Shumba/Hara, Shoko/Mafeni, Shaba, etc. A little more about myself. I am male working as a District Education Manager, responsible for education delivery in my district. Mzondi Wedson Jeremiya Moyo

This one here is from Barotseland in Zambia from the Kalanga offshoot in that area and it reads: 

Interesting piece on the Kalanga nation. There are three clans of Bakalanga in Western Zambia or Barotseland. These are the Mananzwa, Manyai and Mahumbe. As should be expected these people are now Lozi or Rotse by acculturation. Their mother tongue is now Silozi and not iKalanga. I am a descendant of an ironsmith by the name of Machambuzi. Our village is also called Machambuzi. We still carry our Kalanga names such as Mbulayi, Mbulawa, Mbano, Siyanda, Mukundu, Galilo, Mulapesi, Tubapi, Chibu, Kwati, Lumbidzani, etc. (Email received on June 15th, 2012).

This third one is from a friend in Polokwane, South Africa and it reads as follows:

Hi my chief. Here it goes. I am the fifth generation of Mabula Mabje who came down around Polokwane about 250 years ago. Our surname was Mabwe/Mabgwe, but is still meaning stones even now. Mabje came along with others like Chief Mongatane and they occupied a [piece of] land and called it Kgopeng and was ruled over by Chief Mongatane [This is the origin of the Kalanga surname Khupe]. In Khopeng there is a village known as Batswapong which is about 50 years old now [I have recorded in The Rebirth of Bukalanga that the Tswapong are of Kalanga stock]. We still call each other Bakgalaka (Sotho-Tswana for Bakalanga). According Chief Mongatane as he presented our history, during the Khopeng land claim in Pretoria High Court, which he attended several times, we are from Arabia and came through Egypt down to Kenya, etc until the vast majority settled in what [became] Bokgalaka and we proceeded here [in Polokwane]. He presented that [information] 7 years ago during my father's gravestone unveiling [which] is even in video.

Also from Polokwane is the following from Makono Mmakola Ke Tlhantlhagane also explaining a confusion that exists between the Bakone and AmaNguni. It reads:




Bokgalaka is our origin and we are proud about that. From where I come from the Nguni's are not part of Bakgalaka or Bokgalaka Empire. There is a difference between Bakoni and BaNguni. Bakoni we trace our migration directly from Bogkalaka but with the Nguni's such [origin] does not exist amongst them. Bakoni dominate the present Capricon District and part of Sekhukhune District [Limpopo Province]. We believe people confuse Koni and Nguni, these are not the same, the Koni are Matlala people from ga Matlala thaba in Polokwane.

Finally we have the following from the African National Congress (ANC) Chief Whip Professor Mathole Motshekga. He declared before the Gauteng Legislature in September 2007 during Heritage Day celebrations that:

I am a Molozwi-Mokhalaka also known as Molobedu. The Balovedu (also known as Balozwi) and Bavenda are an offshoot of Barozwi … who founded the Maphungubwe and Great Zimbabwe Civilizations. The name Balobedu means: the Recipients of Tributes while Balozwi means: sacred scientists who can make rain and control the forces of nature. The BaRozwi … are an offshoot of the Makalaka/Bakhalaka people of Naphta (now Kordofan in the Sudan, heartland of ancient Ethiopia) … the BaRozwi migrated to the Limpopo Valley where they established the Bokhalaka Empire with its Capital City of Maphungubwe which became both a spiritual and international trading centre of Central Africa (Mathole 2007, Online).

Conclusion - Indeed we the Kalanga are a Great Nation

It was stated by Dr Theodore Herzl in his Der Judenstaat (The Jewish State) in 1896 that the heritage of the Jews is so great that it is impossible for them to disappear from the earth as a "nation" or as a "people". Indeed, I also declare that the Kalanga are too great a "people" and a "nation" never to disappear from the face of the earth. Yes, Kalanga languages and identity has been one of the most assaulted under the sun, but we have remained to this day, and the 21st century will witness a great resurgence of the people that established the greatest civilization ever witnessed in Southern Africa - the Zimbabwe Civilization - a civilization only comparable to Egypt and Axum in Africa.

The Diaspora Community of Bukalanga shall yet know itself once more, and regain the consciousness of its identity long destroyed and violently subdued by other groups. That spirit that drove our ancestors to establish the greatest civilization Africa south of the Sahara shall yet seize us - and as the descendants of the builders of Maphungubgwe, Great Zimbabwe and Kame - we shall yet lead once more in Education, Government, Business and Science and Technology, and Africa and the world shall yet hear from us. History shall yet be re-written. These days are only the beginnings. And this time none shall stop in our way nor block our progress.

Bukalanga - Bakalanga, Banambya, Vhavenda - arise, seize the moment, take your rights, march unapologetically into the future, raise your head high and take a strident march with your back straight, apologize to no one for being who and what you are. Reclaim your identity and your languages, educate yourselves and your children, rebuild your identity and nation, be bold and proud, get hold of tomorrow, and let Africa once more hear from us.

Banhu Ndiswi. Ndaboka kwazwo makamu, Ndolivhuwesa ngamaanda!     

-----------------
Ndzimu-unami Emmanuel Moyo is a Kalanga justice activist and writer of two books, The Rebirth of Bukalanga (download freely here http://kalanga.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/The-Rebirth-of-Bukalanga-Final-Version-on-Word-for-Internet.pdf) and Zimbabwe: The Case for Federalism. He can be contacted on email at ndzimuunami@gmail.com


Kalanga


Disclaimer:
All articles and letters published on Bulawayo24 have been independently written by members of Bulawayo24's community. The views of users published on Bulawayo24 are therefore their own and do not necessarily represent the views of Bulawayo24. Bulawayo24 editors also reserve the right to edit or delete any and all comments received.

Source: kalanga.org

Should Miss World Zimbabwe have been dethroned?

Yes
31.36%
No
63.91%
Not sure
4.73%
338

Comments

News Updates

Email:

Latest News

Why do Byo students fail to enroll at NUST? Zanu PF MP ask

by Thobekile Zhou | 29 July 2015 | 52 Views

Broken down cars cause havoc in parliament

by Thobekile Zhou | 29 July 2015 | 124 Views

Invitation to the King Mzilikazi commemoration 2015

by Ibutho Lenqama | 29 July 2015 | 498 Views

If the US dentist lured Cecil out of the park with food, he needs to be hanged

by Ingrid Newkirk, President, PETA U.S. | 29 July 2015 | 774 Views

'Infrasonic weapon' caused TB Joshua church collapse - academic

by TB Joshua Fans UK Blog | 29 July 2015 | 1688 Views

Desmond Tutu back in hospital

by BBC | 29 July 2015 | 1060 Views

'Obama is a tricky and mischievous politician'

by AP | 29 July 2015 | 1981 Views

State media publishes fictitious interview with MDC-T Secretary-General

by Obert Gutu, MDC-T National Spokesperson | 29 July 2015 | 1300 Views

Thumbs up to early sex - New Bill

by Staff Reporter | 29 July 2015 | 2341 Views

Fire burns down home industries

by Staff Reporter | 29 July 2015 | 1990 Views

Zim music industry dead - Prof Moyo

by Staff Reporter | 29 July 2015 | 1452 Views

Mnangagwa in near embarrassment at Grace Mugabe bash

by Staff Reporter | 29 July 2015 | 4309 Views

Bashing child (12) lands woman (54) in the dock

by Stephen Jakes | 29 July 2015 | 1205 Views

MDC-T has not abandoned its electoral reforms stance

by Stephen Jakes | 29 July 2015 | 824 Views

Another prophet command congregants to be horses

by Staff Reporter | 29 July 2015 | 2851 Views

Once a Zanu, always a Zanu

by Bekezela Maduma Fuzwayo | 29 July 2015 | 2173 Views

Bosso, Dembare in another high-profile showdown

by Staff reporter | 29 July 2015 | 1136 Views

Baboon sex terror teachers stay away

by Pamela Shumba | 29 July 2015 | 1920 Views

Pasuwa walks out on Young Warriors

by Sports reporter | 29 July 2015 | 1062 Views

Zanu-PF wants Mujuru back

by Staff reporter | 29 July 2015 | 3458 Views

Gumbura appeals against magistrate

by Staff reporter | 29 July 2015 | 936 Views

Mudede's campaign against contraceptives bizarre, baseless

by Staff reporter | 29 July 2015 | 496 Views

NewsDay fires 5 journalists, 16 inserters

by Staff reporter | 29 July 2015 | 853 Views

'Nobody should be President for life'

by Staff reporter | 29 July 2015 | 1041 Views

Mugabe's ministers fear own shadows

by Staff reporter | 29 July 2015 | 1292 Views

Zimbabwe finally pays its starving diplomats

by Staff reporter | 29 July 2015 | 723 Views

Mugabe to open SMEs expo

by Staff reporter | 29 July 2015 | 497 Views

Funding of political parties to be reviewed

by Staff reporter | 29 July 2015 | 522 Views

MDC-T warring bigwigs face off

by Staff reporter | 29 July 2015 | 770 Views

Entertainment

Bev causes UK man to soil pants

by Bongani Ndlovu | 28 July 2015 | 5729 Views

Maskandi Mtshengiseni Gcwensa dies

by Stephen Jakes | 28 July 2015 | 4109 Views

Let me be! - Acie Lumumba

by TWZ | 28 July 2015 | 2002 Views

Bev returns home

by Staff reporter | 28 July 2015 | 5550 Views

Rapper Chad and Grammy winner Soko partner on EFT single

by Anashe Press Relations | 27 July 2015 | 2172 Views

All set for Chibuku Neshamwari National Finals in Bulawayo

by Thobekile Zhou | 25 July 2015 | 1738 Views

Zimbo Rhumba musician to drop third album

by Mafu Sithabile | 28 July 2015 | 4902 Views

'Be careful how you conduct yourself,' Nox Guni told

by Ndou Paul | 23 July 2015 | 6642 Views
iBlog

Hp Omen 15-5116tx – The Next Generation Gaming Laptop

the hp omen 15-5116tx is being targeted at the performance hungry gamers. it comes in a single variant boasting an eye-catching attractive design. the notebook offers a slim, lightweight chassis and appears like a piece of art than an actual gaming... Read More
Sergey 11 June 2015 ago

Ios 9 Features Inspired By Android

apple announced ios 9 on monday, and while watching the keynote, i had just a little bit of déjà vu. most of ios 9's new features seem to be squarely aimed at apple's biggest rival in mobile: android. specifically, they were about catching up to ... Read More
Sergey 13 June 2015 ago