Breaking News

Shonas don't constitute 85% of Zimbabwe

by Ndzimu-unami Emmanuel Moyo
12 January 2013 | 9564 Views
It was once stated famously by the Nazi Propaganda Chief Josef Goebbels that "If you tell a lie big enough and keep repeating it, people will eventually come to believe it. The lie can only be maintained for such a time as the State can shield the people from the political, economic and/or military consequences of that lie. It thus becomes vitally important for the State to use all of its powers to repress dissent, for the truth is the mortal enemy of the lie, the truth is the greatest enemy of the State".

One of the Big Lies that is consistently told in Zimbabwe is that "Shona people are the majority in Zimbabwe, constituting over 80% of the population." As a result, it is famously and erroneously claimed that "there can never be a non-Shona president in Zimbabwe" because "the Shona, as the majority, will always vote for their own." I would like to take this opportunity this week to challenge this Big Lie that the Shona constitute over 80% of the Zimbabwean population. That I shall do by looking that population figures per province in Zimbabwe.     

Zimbabwean Population per Province

The Zimstats Preliminary Report of the 2012 Census tells us that population per Province as at 2012 is as follows: Mashonaland West (11%), Mashonaland Central (9%), Mashonaland East (10%), Manicaland (14%), Maswingo (11%), Midlands (13%), Matebeleland North (6%) and Matebeleland South (5%), Bulawayo (5%), Harare (16%).

From these figures, we find that the typically 'Shona Provinces' - Mashonaland, Manicaland and Maswingo - combined make up 55%. To that figure we are unable to add the total population figure of Harare because we know that a great portion of that is not necessarily Shona since people in that city are from all over the country. We can safely estimate that at least a quarter of the population of that city - 4% - is non-Shona, meaning we can only add a 12% Shona population to the other typically Shona provinces, giving us a total 'typically Shona provinces' population of about 67%.

But then we still have districts like Chipinge constituting 17% of Manicaland, and that District is mainly Ndau, or truthfully speaking, is actually Shangaan. The same applies to Chiredzi and Mwenezi which are predominantly Shangaan and Pfumi (allied to the Venda and Kalanga) constituting 32% of Maswingo, and Kariba which is predominantly Tonga constituting 5% of Mashonaland West.  
 
Now, taking these figures we find the following: the total Shona population - what we have called "typically Shona provinces" - minus the 4% 'non-Shona' from Harare and minus the Shangaan, Pfumbi and Tonga populations, we get the following: Maswingo (1 486 604 - 443 105 [Chiredzi + Mwenezi) + Manicaland (1 755 000 - 434 602 [Chipinge]), Mashonaland West (1 449 938 - 68 162), Mashonaland Central (1 139 940) + Mashonaland East (1 337 059) = 6 222 672, which is 48% of the Zimstats given Zimbabwean population of 12 973 808!

Now, assuming that the Midlands Province (with a population of 1 622 476) is divided 50-50 between the Shona on the one hand and the Tonga (Gokwe North) and Xhosa and Ndebele (Lower Gwelo, southern Gokwe, southern Kwekwe, and Mberengwa), we are able to confidently add a Midlands Province Shona population figure to 'the typically Shona province" as given above, leading to a Shona country population of about 6 222 672 + 811 238 = 7 033 910, which is 54% of the total Zimbabwean population of 12 973 808.

Even if we were to also assume that in Bulawayo and the Matebeleland Provinces the Shona constitute about a quarter of the population (2 084 592) as we did for Harare (which would be 521 148), that means adding this figure to the Shona population we have above will then have a total Zimbabwe Shona population of about 7 555 058, which is 58%! 

I know that I have taken what may be called a simplistic approach to statistics, but there is no doubt that this is close to accurate, and I trust that it can be useful to certainly people in the country.

Ok, so what does this mean for the Country?
 
The obvious question is "So what? Of what help is this?" I say it is very helpful in a number of ways.

A non-Shona President is Possible, and Professor Welshman Ncube maybe the One

It is not a given that there will never be a non-Shona president in Zimbabwe. Unless we assume that Shona people are all diehard tribalists, then 42% of the non-Shona population plus the reasonable Shona people who are able to vote even for non-Shona candidates will certainly be able to deliver victory to a non-Shona Presidential candidate. This means that yes, Professor Welshman Ncube's Presidential aspirations are not a pipe dream, they are based on reality.

Think of what the Shangaan/Ndau in Chipinge, the Tonga in Mashonaland West and Midlands can vote. I am not suggesting that they will vote for Professor Ncube because he is from the Midlands and non-Shona, but because they see their languages dying in the hands of ChiShona and their identity disappearing, and in MDC and Professor Welshman Ncube they will see a leader who is a champion of Devolution of Power, which will give them a great measure of self-government and self-determination, and hence freedom to preserve their languages and identity, and most importantly, to access economic opportunity in their own areas.

The same applies to the Manyika, who in Professor Ncube will see a Presidential Candidate who is committed to them becoming the primary beneficiaries of the estimated $800 Billion of Diamond wealth in their region through Devolution of Power, instead of voting for a Mugabe and Zanu PF who are overseeing the uplifting of raw diamond in Manicaland for processing in Mashonaland, or a Morgan Tsvangirai who though he comes from that Province, has reservations about Devolution of Power, meaning under his government things will remain exactly they are today in terms of governance. 

People of Matebeleland Should not Give Up on their Own

Coming back home to Matebeleland and the Midlands, these figures should give us a great measure of confidence. There are those who claim that they would like to support and vote for Professor Welshman Ncube, but it would all be in vain because "since the Shona are the majority", Tsvangirai will win anyway. That, as I said previously, is not a given. Professor Welshman Ncube is able to win the Presidential election and form the next government, and for the first time in the history of Zimbabwe, we as a country will have a government that guarantees the self-government and self-determination of all people of this country from Mutare to Victoria Falls and from Beitbridge to Chirundu through true Devolution of Power, with the country mapped into five Provinces - Matebeleland, Manicaland, Midlands, Maswingo, and Mashonaland - each with its own Provincial Government and Provincial Assembly. What Zimbabwean in their right mind will not like that kind of arrangement?

I know there are those who will say that I am asking people to vote along tribal lines. But let's face it, we Bakalanga, Banambya, Vhavenda, BaTonga, AmaNdebele, BaXangani, etc have always voted for Shona Presidential Candidates, including Morgan Tsvangirai himself in 2008. We therefore cannot be accused of voting along tribal lines!




Oh, and lastly, let us not forget that the definition of the word Shona in official circles includes Bakalanga, Banambya and Vhavenda, who, because of the way they have been marginalized and their identity and languages decimated and denied opportunity in their homeland, will most likely vote for Professor Welshman Ncube and MDC. The claim that "the Shona constitute over 80% of Zimbabwe's population" is a Goebbelsian Lie, and let us not be deceived into desperation by that lie! 

That, my fellow Zimbabweans, is the way I see it this week. You can always catch me by email on ndzimuunami@gmail.com


Shona


Disclaimer:
All articles and letters published on Bulawayo24 have been independently written by members of Bulawayo24's community. The views of users published on Bulawayo24 are therefore their own and do not necessarily represent the views of Bulawayo24. Bulawayo24 editors also reserve the right to edit or delete any and all comments received.

Source: Ndzimu-unami Emmanuel Moyo

Does Prophet Magaya's anointing oil work?

Yes
17.38%
No
70.2%
Spiritual matters
12.42%
443

Comments

News Updates

Email:

Latest News

Junior cop sues Chihuri over dog's death - A junior police officer bas...

by Staff Reporter | 04 March 2015 | 190 Views

Granny murders four-year-old granddaughter - A 56 year old Tsholotsho ...

by Staff Reporter | 04 March 2015 | 157 Views

MDC-T rejuvenates Zvimba party structures - The Movement for Democrati...

by Staff reporter | 04 March 2015 | 376 Views

Zipra heroines were never rewarded - Thirty years on - the heroines of...

by Staff reporter | 04 March 2015 | 442 Views

Jacob Mudenda lifts ban on mobile phone use in Parliament - Zimbabwe's...

by Irwin Chifera | 04 March 2015 | 259 Views

Tsvangirai not ready to repay the controversial State Loan - Audio - ...

by Blessing Zulu | 04 March 2015 | 447 Views

MDC-T accuses Mudenda of double standards - The ejection of Zanu PF le...

by Staff Reporter | 04 March 2015 | 2127 Views

Radio licences: Jonathan Moyo beats Obert Mpofu - Information Media an...

by Staff Reporter | 04 March 2015 | 3986 Views

'No financial assistance until Zimbabwe clears arrears,' says IMF - Zi...

by Rumbidzayi Zinyuke | 04 March 2015 | 1532 Views

BCC servicing of water, sewer and roads at Emhlangeni - Photos

by Staff Reporter | 04 March 2015 | 2251 Views

Do you know where the word Sascam comes from? - SASCAM = "Salisbury As...

by Staff reporter | 04 March 2015 | 3081 Views

Joice Mujuru's response to Mugabe - Full text - Press Statement by fo...

by Joice Mujuru | 04 March 2015 | 4607 Views

Woman caned for sleeping with friend's hubby - Video - This video was...

by Staff Reporter | 04 March 2015 | 4941 Views

Zimbabwe premier soccer league top earners

by Sibhekisipho Fayayo | 04 March 2015 | 4432 Views

Tsvangirai steals Prof Welshman's property, forgets to change name - T...

by Staff reporter | 04 March 2015 | 4177 Views

Pastor impregnates 20 congregants -  A 53-year-old pastor from Ni...

by Staff reporter | 04 March 2015 | 4878 Views

Bosso raid Bantu again - HIGHLANDERS FC have fired goalkeeper Liberty ...

by Ricky Zililo | 04 March 2015 | 2424 Views

Chiyangwa's stands worth $2.1 million under threat - STEWARD Bank, the...

by Staff reporter | 04 March 2015 | 1882 Views

'Mujuru dismissal retrogressive' - Leader of the opposition in the Nat...

by Staff reporter | 04 March 2015 | 2390 Views

CIO agents arrested at Mujuru farm - As the savage assault on former ...

by Staff reporter | 04 March 2015 | 4567 Views

Mujuru bankrolls anti-Mugabe plot - Axed VP Joice Mujuru is now active...

by Staff reporter | 04 March 2015 | 4202 Views

Robert Mugabe's imaginary assassins - President Robert Mugabe clearly ...

by Tawanda Majoni | 04 March 2015 | 1778 Views

MISA Zimbabwe condemns new radio licence allocation as partisan - The ...

by Staff reporter | 04 March 2015 | 864 Views

Family members die after entering restricted room - A Family from Lala...

by Sukoluhle Ndlovu | 04 March 2015 | 3109 Views

Granny, 78, stumbles on bloody manhood in yard - AT FIRST granny Eliza...

by Staff reporter | 04 March 2015 | 2273 Views

Women gang up on baby daddy

by Gibson Mhaka | 04 March 2015 | 2875 Views

Entertainment

TV Programme Concepts Requirements - Dear independent producers,Thank ...

by Staff reporter | 03 March 2015 | 926 Views

Fireworks expected on the Easter Weekend in UK

by Staff Reporter | 03 March 2015 | 1111 Views

DStv annual price increase effective 1 April 2015 - MultiChoice Afric...

by Mafu Sithabile | 02 March 2015 | 3049 Views

Popular Zim dancehall chanter arrested for fraud

by Liberty Dube | 27 February 2015 | 4386 Views

Group pens song for Mugabe - A 7-member group from Acturus has release...

by Staff reporter | 21 February 2015 | 2038 Views

Mathias Mhere saga takes new twist - Gift Mahlupeka, who allegedly che...

by Staff reporter | 20 February 2015 | 10953 Views

Mlambos Express Band flies Matabeleland Flag - Mlambos Express Band po...

by Entertainment Reporter | 20 February 2015 | 3532 Views
iBlog

Four In 10 Americans Face Regular Online Fraud Attacks

Microsoft offers four primary tips to help protect users from identity theft:• be selfish and defensive with personal information by not sharing sensitive details in emails, and instant and text messages• create, use and keep secret so-called “... Read More
SecNews 24 October 2014 ago

Is Pregnancy Putting Your Sexual Life On Pause?

it is often believed that once you become pregnant there is no way that you can have sexual intercourse until that baby is born, which results in placing a strong hold on different couples sex lives. in this article we are going to focus on how yo... Read More
adoniadennis 08 December 2014 ago