Breaking News

Shonas don't constitute 85% of Zimbabwe

by Ndzimu-unami Emmanuel Moyo
12 January 2013 | 9319 Views
It was once stated famously by the Nazi Propaganda Chief Josef Goebbels that "If you tell a lie big enough and keep repeating it, people will eventually come to believe it. The lie can only be maintained for such a time as the State can shield the people from the political, economic and/or military consequences of that lie. It thus becomes vitally important for the State to use all of its powers to repress dissent, for the truth is the mortal enemy of the lie, the truth is the greatest enemy of the State".

One of the Big Lies that is consistently told in Zimbabwe is that "Shona people are the majority in Zimbabwe, constituting over 80% of the population." As a result, it is famously and erroneously claimed that "there can never be a non-Shona president in Zimbabwe" because "the Shona, as the majority, will always vote for their own." I would like to take this opportunity this week to challenge this Big Lie that the Shona constitute over 80% of the Zimbabwean population. That I shall do by looking that population figures per province in Zimbabwe.     

Zimbabwean Population per Province

The Zimstats Preliminary Report of the 2012 Census tells us that population per Province as at 2012 is as follows: Mashonaland West (11%), Mashonaland Central (9%), Mashonaland East (10%), Manicaland (14%), Maswingo (11%), Midlands (13%), Matebeleland North (6%) and Matebeleland South (5%), Bulawayo (5%), Harare (16%).

From these figures, we find that the typically 'Shona Provinces' - Mashonaland, Manicaland and Maswingo - combined make up 55%. To that figure we are unable to add the total population figure of Harare because we know that a great portion of that is not necessarily Shona since people in that city are from all over the country. We can safely estimate that at least a quarter of the population of that city - 4% - is non-Shona, meaning we can only add a 12% Shona population to the other typically Shona provinces, giving us a total 'typically Shona provinces' population of about 67%.

But then we still have districts like Chipinge constituting 17% of Manicaland, and that District is mainly Ndau, or truthfully speaking, is actually Shangaan. The same applies to Chiredzi and Mwenezi which are predominantly Shangaan and Pfumi (allied to the Venda and Kalanga) constituting 32% of Maswingo, and Kariba which is predominantly Tonga constituting 5% of Mashonaland West.  
 
Now, taking these figures we find the following: the total Shona population - what we have called "typically Shona provinces" - minus the 4% 'non-Shona' from Harare and minus the Shangaan, Pfumbi and Tonga populations, we get the following: Maswingo (1 486 604 - 443 105 [Chiredzi + Mwenezi) + Manicaland (1 755 000 - 434 602 [Chipinge]), Mashonaland West (1 449 938 - 68 162), Mashonaland Central (1 139 940) + Mashonaland East (1 337 059) = 6 222 672, which is 48% of the Zimstats given Zimbabwean population of 12 973 808!

Now, assuming that the Midlands Province (with a population of 1 622 476) is divided 50-50 between the Shona on the one hand and the Tonga (Gokwe North) and Xhosa and Ndebele (Lower Gwelo, southern Gokwe, southern Kwekwe, and Mberengwa), we are able to confidently add a Midlands Province Shona population figure to 'the typically Shona province" as given above, leading to a Shona country population of about 6 222 672 + 811 238 = 7 033 910, which is 54% of the total Zimbabwean population of 12 973 808.

Even if we were to also assume that in Bulawayo and the Matebeleland Provinces the Shona constitute about a quarter of the population (2 084 592) as we did for Harare (which would be 521 148), that means adding this figure to the Shona population we have above will then have a total Zimbabwe Shona population of about 7 555 058, which is 58%! 

I know that I have taken what may be called a simplistic approach to statistics, but there is no doubt that this is close to accurate, and I trust that it can be useful to certainly people in the country.

Ok, so what does this mean for the Country?
 
The obvious question is "So what? Of what help is this?" I say it is very helpful in a number of ways.

A non-Shona President is Possible, and Professor Welshman Ncube maybe the One

It is not a given that there will never be a non-Shona president in Zimbabwe. Unless we assume that Shona people are all diehard tribalists, then 42% of the non-Shona population plus the reasonable Shona people who are able to vote even for non-Shona candidates will certainly be able to deliver victory to a non-Shona Presidential candidate. This means that yes, Professor Welshman Ncube's Presidential aspirations are not a pipe dream, they are based on reality.

Think of what the Shangaan/Ndau in Chipinge, the Tonga in Mashonaland West and Midlands can vote. I am not suggesting that they will vote for Professor Ncube because he is from the Midlands and non-Shona, but because they see their languages dying in the hands of ChiShona and their identity disappearing, and in MDC and Professor Welshman Ncube they will see a leader who is a champion of Devolution of Power, which will give them a great measure of self-government and self-determination, and hence freedom to preserve their languages and identity, and most importantly, to access economic opportunity in their own areas.

The same applies to the Manyika, who in Professor Ncube will see a Presidential Candidate who is committed to them becoming the primary beneficiaries of the estimated $800 Billion of Diamond wealth in their region through Devolution of Power, instead of voting for a Mugabe and Zanu PF who are overseeing the uplifting of raw diamond in Manicaland for processing in Mashonaland, or a Morgan Tsvangirai who though he comes from that Province, has reservations about Devolution of Power, meaning under his government things will remain exactly they are today in terms of governance. 

People of Matebeleland Should not Give Up on their Own

Coming back home to Matebeleland and the Midlands, these figures should give us a great measure of confidence. There are those who claim that they would like to support and vote for Professor Welshman Ncube, but it would all be in vain because "since the Shona are the majority", Tsvangirai will win anyway. That, as I said previously, is not a given. Professor Welshman Ncube is able to win the Presidential election and form the next government, and for the first time in the history of Zimbabwe, we as a country will have a government that guarantees the self-government and self-determination of all people of this country from Mutare to Victoria Falls and from Beitbridge to Chirundu through true Devolution of Power, with the country mapped into five Provinces - Matebeleland, Manicaland, Midlands, Maswingo, and Mashonaland - each with its own Provincial Government and Provincial Assembly. What Zimbabwean in their right mind will not like that kind of arrangement?

I know there are those who will say that I am asking people to vote along tribal lines. But let's face it, we Bakalanga, Banambya, Vhavenda, BaTonga, AmaNdebele, BaXangani, etc have always voted for Shona Presidential Candidates, including Morgan Tsvangirai himself in 2008. We therefore cannot be accused of voting along tribal lines!




Oh, and lastly, let us not forget that the definition of the word Shona in official circles includes Bakalanga, Banambya and Vhavenda, who, because of the way they have been marginalized and their identity and languages decimated and denied opportunity in their homeland, will most likely vote for Professor Welshman Ncube and MDC. The claim that "the Shona constitute over 80% of Zimbabwe's population" is a Goebbelsian Lie, and let us not be deceived into desperation by that lie! 

That, my fellow Zimbabweans, is the way I see it this week. You can always catch me by email on ndzimuunami@gmail.com


Shona


Disclaimer:
All articles and letters published on Bulawayo24 have been independently written by members of Bulawayo24's community. The views of users published on Bulawayo24 are therefore their own and do not necessarily represent the views of Bulawayo24. Bulawayo24 editors also reserve the right to edit or delete any and all comments received.

Source: Ndzimu-unami Emmanuel Moyo

Are housemaids an evil lot?

Yes
27.1%
No
64.27%
Not sure
8.62%
487

Comments

News Updates

Email:

Latest News

Gushungo ML with GP number plates - Photos

by Staff Reporter | 21 December 2014 | 95 Views

Warriors 'could have interesting times ahead,' says Khama Billiat - Ma...

by Staff Reporter | 21 December 2014 | 294 Views

Goche war reports, a pack of lies - THE factional fighting in Zanu PF ...

by Staff Reporter | 21 December 2014 | 848 Views

Nhema, Buka blocked from greeting Mnangagwa

by Staff Reporter | 21 December 2014 | 1077 Views

US$30 billion economy can be grown in Vic Falls - Mzembi

by Staff Reporter | 21 December 2014 | 458 Views

Dabengwa refuses to talk about Mnangagwa's role in Gukurahundi

by Staff Reporter | 21 December 2014 | 1158 Views

VP Mnangagwa assassination plot: Forensic detectives called in

by Kuda Bwititi | 21 December 2014 | 1197 Views

Unqualified teachers' future hangs in the balance

by Tinomuda Chakanyuka | 21 December 2014 | 1131 Views

Time for a Revolution for Women in Zimbabwe : No more Delay - Violenc...

by Minenhle Gumede | 21 December 2014 | 464 Views

'We demand human rights in Matabeleland South' - Prominent Matabelelan...

by Staff Reporter | 21 December 2014 | 500 Views

'Gold panners' murder soldier, chops body into pieces - A GWERU soldie...

by Munyaradzi Musiiwa | 21 December 2014 | 1032 Views

Gwanda runs dry again

by Staff Reporter | 21 December 2014 | 622 Views

Civil servants bonuses set for January - CIVIL servants are set to bea...

by Staff Reporter | 21 December 2014 | 4063 Views

Kaukonde blamed for protecting over 40 white farmers

by Staff Reporter | 21 December 2014 | 3590 Views

Jonathan Moyo blasts Dabengwa over VP Mphoko

by Staff Reporter | 21 December 2014 | 4389 Views

Landlady accuses tenant of infecting her husband with HIV

by Court Reporter | 20 December 2014 | 4211 Views

Woman conceals niece rape in exchange for $1

by Staff Reporter | 20 December 2014 | 2676 Views

'Econet's internet services bad' - Please note that Bulawayo24 does no...

by Concerned Citizen | 20 December 2014 | 2794 Views

Hailstorm destroy over 12 houses - More than 12 houses were destroyed ...

by Staff Reporter | 20 December 2014 | 2478 Views

Zim prison services warn against corruption - The Zimbabwe Prison and ...

by Staff Reporter | 20 December 2014 | 2181 Views

Mphoko promises to take Bulawayo industries back to their glory days

by Staff Reporter | 20 December 2014 | 3922 Views

VP Mphoko, Sir: Enkosi - Siyabonga! - Enkosi - as amaXhosa will say. S...

by Casper Dube | 20 December 2014 | 2807 Views

Unity Day statement by Dr Dumiso Dabengwa - Unity Day 2014: Critical p...

by Dr Dumiso Dabengwa | 20 December 2014 | 3082 Views

Cash-strapped GMB offers workers maize as pay - THE cash-strapped Grai...

by Staff Reporter | 20 December 2014 | 2220 Views

Stunner in car crash

by Staff Reporter | 20 December 2014 | 4087 Views

Beitbridge Alert: 'Bogus agriculture officer terrorising fruit and veg...

by Concerned citizen | 20 December 2014 | 1514 Views

Tsvangirai the father of modern day democratic resistance - Zimbabwe's...

by Dr. Wangu Mazodze | 20 December 2014 | 1929 Views

Witchcraft scare as dead child's body is found 'hidden' in a trunk - ...

by Staff Reporter | 20 December 2014 | 3543 Views

Shock as pregnant woman gives birth to a 'frog' - A BULAWAYO family wa...

by Staff Reporter | 20 December 2014 | 5147 Views

Entertainment

Visually impaired singer gets early Christmas present

by Staff Reporter | 19 December 2014 | 1732 Views

Tuku fails to secure seat on Air Zimbabwe

by Staff Reporter | 19 December 2014 | 3047 Views

Mafikizolo jets into Zimbabwe today

by Brenda Phiri | 19 December 2014 | 1568 Views

Sony cancels US release of movie about plot to kill North Korean leader

by Staff Reporter | 18 December 2014 | 1982 Views

Designer sale off 2014

by Hunnar Agency | 18 December 2014 | 2850 Views

10 Zim designers to feature in iFashion Fest 2014

by Hunnar Management Agency | 18 December 2014 | 2697 Views

Kunonga releases fourth album, Kwedu - AFRO-JAZZ singer Victor Kunong...

by Staff Reporter | 18 December 2014 | 924 Views

Ibumba roars into life with Tuku expected to headline the event - THE ...

by Simbarashe Mutizwa | 16 December 2014 | 1403 Views
iBlog

The Nsa Gets An Ok For Telephony Metadata Collection Yet Again

As much as we’d like to forget about the national security agency (nsa) and its mass surveillance program, it seems that there is no distracting ourselves from this unnerving reality.missing from the news for quite some time now, the issue has resu... Read More
SecNews 09 July 2014 ago

Protect Your Greatest Small Business Asset: Time

if your work week is way more than 40 hours, your smartphone is glued to your hand, and your to-do list is multiple pages of overdue tasks—you know how valuable every minute of your time is.your smartphone and tablet make doing business from anyw... Read More
Sergey 05 September 2014 ago